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An acronym for New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc.  It was a car plant in Fremont California that might have saved the U.S. car industry. In 1984, General Motors and Toyota opened NUMMI as a joint venture. This became the first application of
the Toyota Production System by Toyota with its affiliated suppliers in
the US.

It was a success, as the worst performing GM facility became the best performing facility even with the same workers, but with a new management system and philosophy. It proved that the secrets of TPS could be successful outside of Japan, using American workers.


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